Accessibility is one of the most important aspects to consider when building an app or a website. For those who don’t understand, accessibility means making your app or website user-friendly for people with disabilities. Accessibility makes people with disabilities feel included in the different processes, especially since we are all very dependent on the internet.
Website accessibility is open to all forms of disability, including physical, cognitive, neurological, auditory, speech, visual and so many others. Just because people have a disability does not mean that they should be left out. Here is why web accessibility is important for designers.
This is the kind of disability that is brought about by a situation that a person is in that cannot allow them to carry out a task. For example, if someone is holding a child and they cannot type up something.
This is a kind of disability where people are unable to discharge responsibility for a short period. This can be a short illness or a mental episode
This is when a person is born or becomes permanently disabled. This is anything from being blind, deaf, or physically impaired.
There are easy ways of making your website accessible. You can test it out using a website accessibility checker before incorporating it into your app or website. According to AudioEye, “a website accessibility checker quickly evaluates the severity of accessibility obstacles encountered by your website visitors and how close your site is compliant with the WCAG standards and legal mandates such as ADA, Section 508, and AODA.”
One of the best ways to check out if your app works for people with a visual impairment is to test it out with a screen reader. Use a blindfold to test out if it works out as well as you want it to. Test out if the voice command works as it should and use this opportunity to clear out any glitches and or hitches it might have for a smoother experience.
Colorblind people are also facing some form of disability, selecting the right color palate could go a long way in helping colorblind people understand the post or the images. Adding more contrasts within your website, especially if you are using these colors to convey an important piece of information. This is particularly important for sites that use infographics or statistics that incorporate charts and graphs.
When providing images for your app or website posts, you always need to put up an accurate description of the images for those who cannot see them. There is an option to add alternative text as an HTML tag. This is important when the images are part of the website. If they are just eye candy, you can assume alternative texts for minimal distractions.
There are some apps known as ARIA (Accessible Rich Internet Applications) that have aspects that make it easy for different people to access a website or an app. It is used when there are no HTML elements available. These aspects help screen reader users know of updates and changes and make widgets like calendars accessible to screen readers.
In order to make your website easy for everyone, writing the correct headlines goes a long way in making your website easy to find. Using the right heading HTML tags can have screen readers find the right page fast. Do not skip the headings, navigating the text can be a headache for those who use screen readers to access the content.